What's the use of apostrophes?: Gender difference and linguistic variation in instant messaging
17 pages. TESOL Working Papers series 4.
A brief background on sociolinguistic variation, standards, gender, writing, speech, and computer mediated communication (CMC), followed by findings of an empirical study of the use of apostrophes in instant messaging conversations and an argument for the usefulness of the concept of “standard” in analyzing CMC linguistic behavior.