Committing to Peace: Soft Guarantees and Alternative Approaches to Power Sharing in Angola and Mozambique
This article analyses how alternative power-sharing mechanisms can be used to secure peace in countries where warring parties fail to reach a traditional power-sharing agreement, the most common method of solving the ‘credible commitment’ problem. By examining the cases of Angola and Mozambique, it demonstrates how ‘soft’ guarantees — in these cases, on the integration of armed forces and access to financial and material resources for rebel leaders — can help end civil wars. The non-binding nature of these pledges, however, also facilitated the ruling parties’ progressive withdrawal from them, which has set back the democratisation process in both countries. This in turn may put at risk future peace and development.